Python - Modules

What is a Module?

Consider a module to be the same as a code library.

A file containing a set of functions you want to include in your application.

Create a Module :

To create a module just save the code you want in a file with the file extension .py:

Save this code in a file named

def greeting(name):
  print("Hello, " + name)

Use a Module :

Now we can use the module we just created, by using the import statement:

Import the module named FTpython, and call the greeting function:

import FTpython



Hello john

Note: When using a function from a module, use the syntax: module_name.function_name.

Variables in Module :

The module can contain functions, as already described, but also variables of all types (arrays, dictionaries, objects etc):

Save this code in the file

person1 = {
  "name": "freedom",
  "age": 2,
  "year": "2018"

Import the module named FTpython, and access the person1 dictionary:

import FTpython

a = FTpython.person1["name"]



Naming a Module :

We can name the module file whatever you like, but it must have the file extension ".py"

Re-naming a Module :

We can create an alias when you import a module, by using the as keyword:

Create an alias for FTpython called mx:

import FTpython as mx

a = mx.person1["age"]



Built-in Modules :

There are several built-in modules in Python, which we can import whenever we like.

Import and use the platform module:

import platform

x = platform.system()



Using the dir() Function :

There is a built-in function to list all the function names (or variable names) in a module. The dir() function:

List all the defined names belonging to the platform module:

import platform

x = dir(platform)


['DEV_NULL', '_UNIXCONFDIR', '_WIN32_CLIENT_RELEASES', '_WIN32_SERVER_RELEASES', '__builtins__', '__cached__', '__copyright__', '__doc__', '__file__', '__loader__', '__name__', '__package__', '__spec__', '__version__', '_default_architecture', '_dist_try_harder', '_follow_symlinks', '_ironpython26_sys_version_parser', '_ironpython_sys_version_parser', '_java_getprop', '_libc_search', '_linux_distribution', '_lsb_release_version', '_mac_ver_xml', '_node', '_norm_version', '_parse_release_file', '_platform', '_platform_cache', '_pypy_sys_version_parser', '_release_filename', '_release_version', '_supported_dists', '_sys_version', '_sys_version_cache', '_sys_version_parser', '_syscmd_file', '_syscmd_uname', '_syscmd_ver', '_uname_cache', '_ver_output', 'architecture', 'collections', 'dist', 'java_ver', 'libc_ver', 'linux_distribution', 'mac_ver', 'machine', 'node', 'os', 'platform', 'popen', 'processor', 'python_branch', 'python_build', 'python_compiler', 'python_implementation', 'python_revision', 'python_version', 'python_version_tuple', 're', 'release', 'subprocess', 'sys', 'system', 'system_alias', 'uname', 'uname_result', 'version', 'warnings', 'win32_ver']

Note: The dir() function can be used on all modules, also the ones you create yourself.

Import From Module :

You can choose to import only parts from a module, by using the from keyword.

The module named FTpython has one function and one dictionary:

def greeting(name):
    print("hello" + name)


Import only the person1 dictionary from the module:

from FTpython import person1
print (person1["name"])



Note: When importing using the from keyword, do not use the module name when referring to elements in the module. Example: person1["age"], not mymodule.person1["age"]


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